Marilyn Monroe is an American actress, singer and model. It is one of the sex symbols of the 20th century cinema. The real name is Norma Jeane Mortenson.
He was born in Los Angeles State Hospital. Her biological father is thought to be a sales man named Charles Stanley Gifford, who worked as a film editor for his mother’s RKO studios. There are those who claim that her mother Gladys Pearl Baker’s second husband, is Martin Edvard Mortenson, is her father. Gladys also had two more children from his previous marriage (Robert Kermit Baker and Bernice Baker (Miracle)). Gladys was hospitalized due to schizophrenia and Monroe’s next life was in an orphanage and lived with carer families.
Marion, the same uncle of Monroe, was admitted to the mental hospital, and after out of from hospital, he is hanging himself. Her grandmother Della and her grandfather Otis had the manic depressive illness. Monroe lived with Albert and Ida Bolender, a very religious family until the age of seven. Then Her mother’s closest friend Grace McKee, took care of her. Though her mother, Gladys, began living with her again after buying a house. However, she was sent to the Los Angeles orphanage on the marriage of Grace McKee and Ervin Silliman Goddard in 1935. Two years later, when Grace took her back, her husband, Ervin Silliman Goddard practiced sexual harassment to that little girl. When she was nine years old, Monroe was brought to her aunt’ Olive Brunings. But there, too, when Monro was sexual harassment by Olive’s sons, Grace’s old aunt had to be sent to Ana Lower. When the health of the Lower began to deteriorate after a while, Monroe, returned to Grace and Ervin Goddard. In this period, when Monroe was 16 years old, she met a 21 years old James Doughtery and she married. After four years, she divorced and was a model by enter The Blue Book model agency. He also participated in acting and singing courses in this period.
Monroe became one of the most successful models of The Blue Book model agency. Her photographs were seen in dozens of magazine magazines. In this period, Ben Lyong, the manager of 20th Century Fox, arranged for her a trial run and made her a six month contract. She changed her name to Marilyn Monroe with the suggestion of Lyon. Monroe, played in “Scudda Hoo! Scudda Hay!” and “Dangerous Years” movies. However, these two films failed and Monroe stayed away for a while from cinema. The Fox company did not sign a new contract with Monroe, and she was idle for a while. While she continued to be model, at the same time continued acting lessons.
In the film “Ladies of the Chorus”, she sang and danced for the first time. After which she played two short roles in “The Asphalt Jungle” and “All About Eve.” Her short, but remarkable role in these films caught the attention of critics. Over the next two years, she was appeared in small roles in films such as “We’re Not Married!”, “Love Nest”, “Let’s Make It Legal” and “As Young as You Feel.” Later, RKO executives used Monroe’s box office potential in Fritz Lang’s “Clash of Night” movie. When this movie was successful, Fox using the same tactic, gave the role in the comedy “Monkey Business” to her.
After the success of these two films, the critics could not ignore Monroe anymore. They thought that the success of the two films was connected to her growing reputation. In the same period, Monroe started to become a difficult artist to work on sets. Especially she were always coming late the set or never coming. She was always forgetting her catchwords. She was constantly demanding the repetition of the scenes until she was satisfied with her performance. This caused problems between the directors.
She also used barbiturates and amphetamines for insomnia and tension problems. Fear of stage, self-doubt, and perfectionism have also been seen as caused various problems in film sets. Sleep and energy medication was a standard practice among the players in the film industry in the 1950s. But such workarounds by Monroe has caused his insomnia, depression and mood changes to worsen. Monroe occasionally used alcohol with her medicines, and she was trying to find solutions to the problems she had experienced.
Monroe ultimately played as the leading role, a baby-sitter with psychological problems in 1952 in the film “Do not Bother to Knock”. It was a low budget B-type film and taked mixed criticism. But critics were now confident Monroe would play even bigger roles.
At the end, Monroe was famous after the “Niagara” movie she played in 1953. This time, the critics are focused on Monroe’s harmony with the camera, next to the film’s dark scenario. Monroe was playing a woman who tried to kill her husband in this movie.
This time, the sexy poses which she gave, it came to the agenda. Monroe then explained to media, that she was giving her naked poses. She said she did it because she was hungry and she had no money. So she managed to get rid of a scandal that would end her career. These naked poses were later released on Playboy’s first issue.
Monroe joined in class A actresses with the success of her films, “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes” and “How to Marry a Millionaire,” which she has played in the following months. But, the films “River of No Return” and “There’s No Business Like Show Business” were not successful. During this period, she married a baseball star Joe Dimaggio who was with a longtime. But the couple got divorced after nine months.
Monroe was tired of the role of the stupid blonde, Zanuck has set for her. In 1955 she completed the film named “The Seven Year Itch” and then canceled the contract. She went to New York for read the acting in “Actor’s Studio”. In the meantime, he refused to play in films such as “The Girl in Pink Tights”, “The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing” and “How to Be Very, Very Popular.” During his studies at “Actor’s Studio”, he met writer Arthur Miller. Then she married with him.
In New York she established her own production company Marilyn Monroe Productions with photographer colleague friend Milton H. Greene. In the meantime, alternatives such as Jayne Mansfield and Sheree North not liked by the studio during Monroe’s absence. Zanuck saw the “The Seven Year Itch” film’s success and made a new contract with Monroe’s terms. From then on, Monroe only played in scenarios which she endorsed and she worked with the directors she had identified. And could too work with other studios outside of Fox. In 1955 she played her first film “Bus Stop” directed by Joshua Logan. In this film, the salon singer Cherie role in her role as the best dramatic performer in her career and was taken highly praised by critics. It was also nominated for the Golden Globe Award. This filmin then went to London with her husband Arthur Miller. She played with Laurence Olivier in The Prince and the Showgirl. This film has received mixed criticism from critics and has not made much of a profit. However, especially in Europe, Monroe was successful with her acting. She won the Italian David di Donatello and French Crystal Star Awards. This prize was an equivalent of the Oscar awards. She was also nominated for the British BAFTA award. Monroe, who returned to London after the film was finished, learned that she was pregnant. But, it was an ectopic pregnancy.
Billy Wilder’s “Some Like It Hot”, directed in 1959, was the most successful and most popular film in her career. Monroe won the Golden Globe Award for thanks to this film. But there were also events behind the scenes, next to the great success of film and Monroe. In particular, Monroe’s constant late arrival to the set, forgetting the catchwords, and refusing to participate in the shootings from time to time caused problems trouble with director Billy Wilder. Apart from these, Monroe learned that she was pregnant during the shootings. She dropped her baby after completion the film. “Let’s Make Love”, which she played after this film, failed critically and commercially. Still, the song “My Heart Belongs to Daddy”, which she has been saying in this film, earned great fame. She also had a brief forbidden relationship with his film partner,
Monroe, starred in childhood idol Clark Gable in 1961 in film “The Misfits,” written by her husband “Arthur Miller”. Throughout the film, there were many obstacles due to the psychological and physical problems of Monroe. She was even hospitalized twice. Despite these, critics and audiences have shown interest in the performances of Monroe and other actors. Despite high expectations, however, the movie received mixed reviews and did not make much money. Furthermore, “The Misfits” which Monroe’s and Clark Gable’s played together would be the last movie.
After this movie, Monroe got divorced from Arthur Miller. After the divorce she entered depression and was treated for a while at the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic. In 1962 she decided to play in the comedy “Something’s Got to Give”. This film also included her first naked scene.
However, during the film, she was not coming to the set saying she was sick. When she went to sing for J.F.Kennedy’s birthday, the Fox company fired her from the movie. Her contract canceled, and the movie company filed a compensation suit against her. The Fox company made an agreement with actress Lee Remick to complete the film. But, Monroe’s film partner, Dean Martin, did not want to work with another actress. So she was come back to her job. And a new contract was made.
But before the filming began again, taking a high dose of sedative, she found to death on August 5, 1962, in the bedroom of his home in Brentwood, Los Angeles. She was just 36 years old.
An autopsy was done after her death. The cause of death was declared as a possible suicide due to the high dose of Barbiturate. However, the evidence at the time of the incident was insufficient and the tissues taken from the autopside were later lost. The eyewitness’s statement was contradictory and it was decided that the cause of death was the murder. Many conspiracy theories have been put forward that have proven to as politically caused of by Cia, the Mafia, and the Kennedy family.
Monroe’s dead body was delivered to her ex-husband, Joe Dimaggio. She was buried in Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery on 8 August 1962 with a funeral he organized.