Amedeo Clemente Modigliani “born July 12, 1884, Livorno, Tuscany, Italy – d. January 24, 1920, Paris, France”, Italian painter and sculptor of Jewish origin.
Life and death;
The painter’s Jewish family came as immigrants in the early 18th century and settled in Livorno. Amadeo was the family’s fourth and last child. Following tuberculosis in 1895, he had typhoid in 1898 and had to quit his high school education. That’s why he started taking painting lessons by focusing on art. Amadeo, who suffered from tuberculosis for the second time in 1901, was taken to Naples by his mother and his treatment continued in this city.
When Guglielmo Micheli, whom he took a course, told him that he needed an academic education, Modigliani entered the School of Fine Arts in Florence in 1902 and enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice a year later. He also met drugs in Venice. In 1906 he went to Paris and settled in Le Bateau-Lavoir, where penniless artists gathered in Montmartre. Pablo Picasso was one of the painters with whom he was a neighbor. He adapted to the bohemian life of Paris and became addicted to alcohol. Exhausted, he returned to Livorno with his family.
When he recovered, he returned to Paris and rented a studio in Montparnasse. When he met Romanian sculptor Constantin Brancusi, he quit painting and started sculpting, and he was successful in this field. Although his works, which he exhibited in Salon d’Automne in 1912, attracted attention, he completed his sculpture studies in 1914 and returned to painting again. Although he wanted to join the army when World War I broke out, he was not accepted due to health problems. In 1916 he met the Polish poet Leopold Zborovski and his wife Anna. Modigliani made many of the couple’s paintings. In 1917, while he was drawing at Academie Colarossi and looking for a model for a painting he was thinking of, his friend, Russian sculptor Chana Orloff, introduced him to the 19-year-old fine arts student Jeanne Hébuterne. After finishing Jeanne Hébuterne’s painting, the relationship between the couple did not end and they started to live together. Coming from a strict Catholic family, Jeanne’s relationship with Modigliani, a Jew, continued to be together, although her family opposed it.
The painter opened his first solo exhibition of 32 paintings at the Berthe Weill Gallery in Paris on December 3, 1917, with the encouragement of his friend Leopold Zborovski, but the exhibition was closed by the Paris police on the grounds that it contained numerous nude women works.
When their downstairs neighbor, Manuel Ortiz de Zárate, a painter, came to visit Modigliani one evening, he found him in headaches and called a doctor. The doctor who arrived said that the patient was in a hopeless condition due to tuberculosis and meningitis. On July 24, 1920, two days after his death, his wife Jeanne, who was pregnant with her second child, committed suicide by throwing herself out of the window of her fifth-floor room. agreed to be buried. When they both died, Modigliani’s sister Florence raised their 15-month-old daughter by adoption.
“Amedeo Clemente Modigliani”
Birth 12 July 1884
Died January 24, 1920 (aged 35)
Arts education Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence
Famous works of Madame Pompadour
Jeanne Hebuterne in Red Shawl
Modigliani is a 2004 biographical drama film written and directed by Mick Davis and starring Andy García, Elsa Zylberstein, Omid Djalili, Hippolyte Girardot, Eva Herzigova and Udo Kier. The life of the Italian artist Amedeo Modigliani is told.
Al Bano and Romina Power Liberta Modigliani movie soundtrack.