Bellis perennis is a common European type of meadow chamomile originating from the family of chamomile (Asteraceae). Although it is thought that this is the first species known as daisy, many related plants have the same name today, so it is also called common daisy or lawn daisy to distinguish this species from other plants of the same name. It was sometimes referred to as the British Daisy. Its main hometown is western, central and northern Europe, but it has been widely naturalized in most temperate regions, including America and Australasia.
It does not have such a strong charm as roses, but the beauty of the daisies can attract anyone’s attention. Bellis perennis, a herbaceous plant, has short spreading rhizomes. They have small circular or spoon-shaped leaves, 2-5 cm long, which always remain green. Flower heads are 2–3 cm in diameter and have white elongated florets (often with a red or reddish tip) and yellow tubular flowers. They are generally formed in leafless 2–10 cm stems. Rarely, trunks can reach up to 15 cm in length.
Bellis perennis usually blooms from early spring to mid-summer. According to the soil, it can sometimes produce a few flowers even in the middle of the mild winters. It can usually be grown where minimum temperatures are above −34 ° C, and it requires virtually no maintenance. There are no known serious insect or disease problems. The plant can be propagated either by seed after the last frost or by dividing after flowering. Although invasive, the species is still considered a valuable ground cover in some garden environments. They are generally grown from seed. They can also be purchased as chips in the spring. It has often been reported to self-fertilize, but some plants may be self-sterile.
Bellis comes from bellus, which means “beautiful” in Latin, while perennis means “infinite” in Latin. The name “daisy” is considered a corruption of “day’s eye”, because the whole head closes at night and opens in the morning. This beautiful flower is also known as bone flower. British Daisy is also considered a flower of children and innocence.
Daisies have many uses. Young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked in salads, their leaves become tighter as they get older. Flower buds can also be eaten raw in sandwiches, soups and salads. Tea made from chamomile is quite soothing and beneficial. Chamomile is also used as a vitamin supplement. Bellis perennis is also used in herbal medicine. In ancient Rome, sacks full of daisies were collected by the slaves and their water was extracted. Bandages were dipped in this water and those bandages were used to tie sword and spear cuts. The flowers of Bellis perennis have been used in Austrian medicine for the treatment of respiratory disorders. Bellis perennis is still used for blunt trauma in animals. When grown for this purpose, daisies is harvested while blooming. Daisies have been used in some traditional children’s games to make a daisy chain.
Daisies have about 100 species in nature. Thanks to its striking leaves and flashy colors, it has a very pleasant appearance. The growing areas of daisies are flowerpots, rock gardens and flower beds. In addition, when used as a double plant, it will be possible to mention that a very beautiful image has occurred. Daisies, which have the ability to develop rapidly, are a flower produced by steel picking and seed method. Although it is generally known that it blooms in spring, we can say that it also has bloom in winter. Correct protection places for daisies are not strong winds. It can be stated that it shows healthy development in permeable and moist soils. Half shade and sun are the best conditions to grow.
It is known by everyone that daisies are a fairly fast growing plant. Besides, the seeds of daisies, which are spring plants, should be planted in March. It is recommended that sowing is done in closed and warm areas. Daisies with a fine seed structure should not be planted frequently in the soil. In case of frequent planting, dilution application is mandatory. Intermittent cultivation is very important for rapid germination and growth. Seed planting should be carried out with no excessive pressure applied. The seedbed should not be too deep. It is also very important that the soil is not hard and firm. Clay soil should be preferred, it should always be moist.
Chamomile is not a home flower. Therefore, it must be grown on the balcony. No extra treatment is required during the irrigation process. With the drying of the soil, irrigation can be done. Watering too much can cause fading. It is generally known as a flower based on thirst. However, you need to change the pot from time to time. They are generally 2 years old flowers. In this process, new chamomile may appear in the flowerpot. After removing these daisies from the pot, you can add them to another pot. In this way, it is possible to ensure that you constantly have daisies.
Do you know the story of the chamomile fortune teller that has been looking for years for lovers to cut off the petals of daisy? Let us summarize briefly for those who do not know. A lover takes a daisy in his hand and tears off his petals, saying “she loves me, she doesn’t love me” while he plucks each of them. And the last remaining petal corresponds to which of the words “loves, doesn’t love”. According to the story, a caterpillar out of its cocoon moves to make a nest for it. It makes its nest and wakes up the next day as a very beautiful butterfly. It admires its magnificent beauty. It begins to fly happily. It flies high to see the beauty of nature. It flies over the mountains and hills and gets tired. A daisy stands away from its eye, where it stands to rest. It flies right next to the daisies and admires the beauty of the daisies. The butterfly tells the daisy that it looks beautiful from afar and is more beautiful when it comes to it. So a conversation begins between the butterfly and the daisy. Daisy is embarrassed by the words of the butterfly and welcomes the butterfly with its timid attitude. Daisy, who says that it is bored with loneliness and says that it is happy, is very fond of the butterfly, and of course, the butterfly is also from daisy.
Daisy and butterfly, who fell asleep while watching the stars at night, fell in love with each other. The butterfly, which constantly tries to protect itself from the burning effect of the sun by flying over the chamomile, tries to express its love for the daisy and cannot say this. Having the same feelings, daisy also hesitates to express its love. After a while, the butterfly says that it should go now. Daisy asks if it is happy because they are together. Butterfly replies no. It tells the daisy that it has a 3-day life, and that promise makes the daisy very sad. The dying butterfly calls the daisy “I Love You” with its last breath. Daisy, on the other hand, cannot speak of its sadness and can hardly say “Me too you”. Its eyes teared, “If it knew me, I’d say if I knew it loved me.” the daisy said. With the sadness of losing its loved one, the daisy begins to fade. When it fades, it tells that the butterfly loves it on every falling leaf “It loves me”.