Boudica (also known as Boudicca or formerly Boadicea) (d. 60 or 61 AD) is the queen of the Iceni tribe in Norfolk, Northern Britain, who started a revolt against the Roman invading forces in Great Britain in 61 AD.
When Prasutagus, the husband of Boudica and a wealthy pre-Roman king, Prasutagus, died, he jointly inherited his daughters and the Roman emperor, instead of leaving his kingdom to Rome as the client kingdoms of the Empire did. The Empire rejected this decision, as women could not be heirs under Roman law, and the procurator Catus Decianus had all his property confiscated. The kingdom was assumed to be conquered and joined the Empire. Boudica, the widow of Prasutagus, was flogged and her daughters raped.
In 60 or 61, taking advantage of the Roman provincial governor Gaius Suetonius Paulinus to embark on an expedition towards the Welsh, Iceni, the Trinovantes and others rose up under the leadership of Boudica. They destroyed and plundered the cities of Camulodunum (Colchester), Londinium (London), and Verulamium (St Albans), before being decisively defeated by Governor Suetonius Paulinus and his Legions. (The total number of deaths in the three destroyed cities is roughly 70,000-80,000.) While the Britons outnumbered the Romans, the excellent discipline and tactics of the Roman legions gave them an absolute victory. This victory of Suetonius, which came when the Roman Emperor Nero was planning to withdraw all the troops on the island in the face of this crisis, consolidated the Roman presence on the island.
Records of these events were relearned during the Renaissance from the works of historians Tacitus  and Cassius Dio , and Boudica’s legendary reputation emerged in the Victorian era, when Queen Victoria was declared her namesake. Boudica remained an important cultural symbol in the UK after this period.