Cabbage is a family of cruciferous (Brassicaceae). It is a large vegetable, it has many layers of leaves, it is grown as autumn and winter vegetables and it has many types. The scientific name of cabbage is Brassica oleracea. The homeland of cabbage is the Mediterranean Countries. The largest producers of cabbage, which is a cool climate plant, are China, India, Russia and South Korea.
Cabbage, which is a two-year-old plant, forms the head used as a vegetable in the first year, and blooms in the second year and binds seeds. The leaves of the cabbage plant with pile roots often cover each other and the knuckles are shortened and the head is formed. Head cabbage is basically divided into two basic groups, white and red cabbages. White cabbages are generally used in edible red cabbage and salad making.
We can compile the most important benefits of cabbage, which are countless useful, as well as the following: Cabbage, which ensures regular functioning of hormones as well as the positive effects it provides to regulate the whole body system, is among the foods that must be consumed for health. It makes irritability disappear. It takes the stress of the person. Although it helps to relieve eye and headaches, it is very effective in the calming of nerves. Cabbage, which is a complete source of vitamin C, provides strengthening of the immune system and provides a very good level of skin health. When you include cabbage in your diet and make it puree and mask your skin, you can get smooth skin. You can drip a few drops of lemon into the cabbage you have mashed and apply the mask to your hair in the same way. The ability to destroy cancer cells reveals the protective effect of cabbage against cancer. While the facilitating effect of losing weight is undoubtedly accepted, it is also beneficial to improve asthma and eye health. The proven effects of protecting brain health are proof that it also provides protective effect against alzheimer’s disease. in; There are vitamins C, K, B6, manganese, protein, potassium and calcium. Since the fiber rate is very high, it ensures the intestines to work properly. It is rich in antifioxidant. Therefore, it fights free radicals and prevents the formation of cancer cells.
Cabbage reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases. It protects the body against infections. In addition to this, it ensures that the existing inflammatory-like formations pass. In a study of 1000 Chinese women, it was found that those who ate cabbage were exposed to much less inflammation than those who did not. It helps reduce complaints of rheumatoid arthritis. The plant, which contains collagen, gives the skin suppleness. In this way, we can say that it delays aging. The amount of antioxidants in red cabbage is higher compared to green and white cabbage. It ensures that the digestive system works regularly. In this way, it prevents the formation of hemorrhoids. It has a blood pressure lowering effect. It regulates cholesterol level.
Let’s talk about how cabbage is grown. Cabbage is a plant grown with seeds. Soaking the seeds in the water for a day before planting them in the soil allows it to sprout more quickly. It is recommended that the temperature of the soil is between 10-20 degrees on average. Seeds sown in peat mixed soil are irrigated with the help of a fist. Sudden watering is not recommended. The slightly moistened soil is covered with a nylon or stretch film. Of course, the soil should be prevented from becoming stuffy and should be checked frequently and re-watered if dried. Seeds germinate in an average of 8-10 days. When the germination stage is passed, the transparent nylon on it is removed.
After germination, it should be protected from direct sunlight and should be treated with caution until seedling. Seedlings can then be planted in the desired field, garden or pots. Seedlings removed from the soil should be planted in months when the weather is milder, when the soil temperature is not too low. Otherwise, the roots will rot and the plant will not grow. A 20-30 cm gap should be left between the seedlings and about two-thirds should remain under the soil. The soil in which you planted cabbage should be rich in organic matter. The pH level should be at an average level of 6.5 and should receive plenty of sunlight at the time of the seedling. If it is grown in cold climates, sunlight is much more important.
Fertilization is very important in the cultivation of this vegetable. If the soil does not have a rich content, the missing minerals should be compensated with the help of fertilization. Wood ashes mixed with soil in spring and autumn are also very important. Since its roots are close to the surface, it is negatively affected by excessive watering and wind. For this reason, care should be taken not to damage the roots while taking care of the plant and the necessary procedures. Weeds are quite abundant in cabbage growing soils. Therefore, time should be allocated to combat weeds. Care should be taken not to damage the plant and the root while weeds are removed from the soil. If weeds are harmful to the roots, they should be cleaned or cut by hand. However, it is not recommended to use anchor-like tools.
The cabbage or cabbage soup diet is an ideal diet program for those who want to lose weight in a healthy and short time. In the cabbage diet, which is one of the most popular diets recently, it is possible to lose 4-5 pounds in a week with the help of exercise. More precisely, it is known that cabbage soup is used for the rapid functioning of the metabolism of patients who will undergo surgery and to lose their excess weight in a short time. Later, it became a form of diet used by people who are healthy but not satisfied with their weight.
Although many experts do not recommend, because the cabbage diet adheres to a single food, the fact that the news that celebrities have lost weight with the cabbage diet appears on TV, many people find the cabbage diet reliable. To lose weight in a healthy way without being in a hurry, regular nutrition and sports are the most important issues to be considered.
The soup recipe, which is made by combining various ingredients including the main vegetable cabbage, is an indispensable element of the cabbage diet. Accordingly, there should be 1 tomato, 5 nectarine, 1 medium-sized cabbage, 1 pinch of parsley, 1 celery, 1 carrot (optional). Cabbage and vegetables are cut into small pieces and boiled in a deep saucepan. After the boiling materials begin to soften, the bottom of the stove is cut down and left to boil for the materials to soften completely. After reaching the consistency of the soup, it should be drunk from this soup, one bowl per day. In addition to the consumption of cabbage soup, it is necessary to pay attention to drinking plenty of water and drink it for 7 days without interruption. The effective part of this diet is the steady drinking of the soup for 7 days.