Cucumber is a type of plant from the cucurbitaceae family and the name given to its fruit. There are three main varieties of cucumber: slicing, pickling, and seedless. Within these varieties, several cultivars have been created. Like tomatoes and zucchini, it is often perceived as a vegetable, prepared and eaten.
The cucumber has a clumsy, slimy and gnarled stem, five-pointed or 3-5 lobed hairy leaves, and single sexual yellow flowers from the seat of the leaves. There are many seeds in its thin long and cylindrical fruits, sometimes covered with a thorny, bright green crust.
Cucumber roots on the ground, it can also root in a soilless environment, and if it does not support, it spreads across the ground. When grown as a vine, its large leaves form a canopy on the fruits. The fruit of typical cucumber varieties is generally cylindrical, but it is elongated with conical tips. Cucumber fruits consist of 95% water.
The flowers of several kinds of cucumbers form seedless fruit without pollination. For these varieties, pollination reduces quality. However, most cucumber types are seeded and require pollination. Thousands of honey bee hives are transported to cucumber fields every year just before flowering for this purpose.
Some cucumbers are grown for fresh food, and these are called sliced cucumbers. The main slicing varieties ripen in grapes with large leaves that provide shading. Slicers grown for the North American market generally have long, smooth, uniform color and firm skin, while slicers in other countries are smaller and have thinner, more sensitive skin, usually have less seed and are sold on plastic skin for protection. Smaller slicing cucumbers can also be pickled.
Pickled cucumber is made from cucumbers that are specially grown to ensure that the length-diameter ratio is homogeneous and there are no gaps in the meat. Pickled cucumbers grow about 7 to 10 cm long and 2.5 cm wide. Its skin is bumpy and has small white or black dotted spines. Compared to slicer cucumbers, they tend to be thicker, less orderly shaped. The color can range from creamy yellow to pale or dark green.
Burpless, which is another type of cucumber, is sweeter and the skin is thinner than other cucumber varieties. It is said that this variety can grow up to 0.61 m. They are almost seedless and their skin is sensitive. They are easy to digest and have a pleasant taste.
Traces of cucumber have been found in ancient texts. People who eat cucumbers are described in the legend of Gilgamesh. Cucumber is mentioned in the Bible as one of the foods eaten by Israelis in Egypt. It spread from India to Greece and Italy, and then to China. The ancient Greeks grew cucumbers and there were different varieties in Italy, Africa and Moesia.
It was reported that the Romans used a system similar to the greenhouse system to consume cucumbers every day. Italian cucumber is described as small as a gherkin. The Romans are reported to use cucumbers to treat scorpion bites and poor eyesight and to scare mice.
Reportedly, cucumber was introduced to England in the early 14th century, but it did not attract attention and was reintroduced about 250 years later. In 1535, Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, found “very large cucumbers” that grow in the area that is now Montreal.
Cucumber, which is close to our palate, has many benefits that will not stop counting. Cucumber is a very good source of pantothenic acid, but it is a good source of copper, potassium, manganese, vitamin C, phosphorus, magnesium, biotin and vitamin B1. Cucumber shows the ability to grow in all climates except the tundra climate. That is why it is among the products that people consume abundantly. Cucumbers, which have incredible benefits for human health, are good for many problems.
It facilitates the removal of toxins from the body. The fact that 90 percent of cucumbers are formed in water is good for the possible toxin problem that can occur in the body.
Cucumber is good for bad breath. When products that can cause bad breath, such as onions and garlic, are consumed, cucumber occupies an important place during the removal of this smell. To prevent bacteria that can cause odor in the mouth, you can consume 3-4 slices of cucumber by chewing very slowly.
Silica inside the cucumber protects the muscles, tendons, bones and cartilage in the body. Cucumber is rich in silica, and it provides protection of bones and cartilage. It is determined that vitamins and minerals in cucumber are good for brain health.
Since it is rich in water and fiber, constipation, etc. they prevent the formation of problems. It is diuretic. Cucumber is also very useful for diabetic conditions. It is good for diabetes. It strengthens hair and nails and prevents hair loss and breakage of nails. Cucumbers cool the body and keep the body temperature in balance. Salad is also a very useful fruit for heart health.
The nutritional values of 100 g of fresh cucumber are: 15 calories; 0.9 g protein; 3.4 g carbohydrates; 0 cholesterol; 0.1 g fat; 0.5 g fiber; 27 mg phosphorus; 25 mg calcium; 1.1 mg iron; 6 mg sodium; 160 mg potassium; 11 mg magnesium; 250 IU vitamin A; 0.03 mg vitamin B1; 0.04 mg vitamin B2; 0.2 mg vitamin B3; 0.042 mg vitamin B6; 67 µg folic acid and 11 mg vitamin C.
If you plan to plant cucumbers in your own garden, we can give you some tips. Cucumber is a vegetable that loves to grow by climbing. If it is grown by allowing it to be wrapped in long sticks or tying it to the branches of the tree with thin pieces of fabric, their shape will be smoother.
They are not affected by insects. Since they do not touch the soil, there is no problem of decay. It is a vegetable that ripens very quickly and does not need much care. On the other hand, cucumbers like hot months. Since it grows up, it takes up less space in the garden.
If fertilizer is mixed into the soil before planting in the garden, its flavor increases. Cucumber doesn’t like soil change much. It is best to plant seedlings grown in pots in the garden on a cloudy day or in the evening. Thus, its roots are not damaged. After flowering, it should be watered intensely. It gives product as it is watered. It is necessary to collect before it grows because it grows as it grows. Finally, it is best not to plant cucumbers in the same place the following year.
We are sure that there are many recipes to be made with cucumber. We would like to share one of these with you. French style cucumber onion salad: You will need 4 cucumbers. After peeling them off, you should chop them into slices and line them side by side on a grill. You should sprinkle some salt on them and leave them for a while. You should peel the 300 grams of shallots and throw them in boiling salted water and boil for a minute or two. Once the onions have drained, you should put them back in a cooker. You should pour the vinegar and thyme with the herb, black pepper and salt and put the cooker on fire. When the onions are very soft, you should wash the cucumber slices and add them to the donuts. You need to boil for another five to ten minutes and remove the pot from the fire and let the vegetables cool. When the vegetables cool, you should take them on the salad serving plate and serve them cold.