When Jack was born on March 12, 1922, in Lowell, Massachusetts, to the French-Canadian couple Gabrielle-Ange Levesque and Leo-Alcide Kerouac, his parents called him “Jack Jean Louis Kerouac.” His mother tongue was Quebec French spoken at home, and he had more time to learn English for his future writing. Previously, he should have suffered big wounds to his tiny body.
When his older brother Gerard died of rheumatic disease at the age of 9, Jack was 4 years old. Maybe it was too small; but he was aware of many things. The maturity of acquaintance with the cold face of death was too early on his shoulders. Maybe he couldn’t understand that much yet; but nothing would ever be the same again. The others were actually quite new for Jack. He was only going to get his share of the change in his family. His mother, Gabrielle, was a Catholic and very religious. With the loss of pain added to her husband’s fondness for liquor, tobacco and gambling, Gabrielle increasingly turned to faith. Esine He was so fond of him! In fact, one day, when he was talking about his mother, he would proudly say: The first woman I fell in love with.
The pain of his brother, too, would have written him “Visions of Gerard”
The Kerouac family later settled in Lowell. Although they spoke Quebec French at home, Jack was now learning English when he started school at age 6. Undoubtedly one of the biggest gains of school life had been to learn a second language. For one day Jack would be known as a bilingual and cultured person when he became a world-renowned writer.
Jack was a child who was very confused during his elementary school years and set off early in search of identity. He was somewhere between his father’s love of horse racing, football, alcohol, etc., as well as his Catholic education from his mother. It would either adapt to this chaos or find a way out of its origins. All these experiences focused on the second option and took the first step with the university.
Jack was very talented in American football. This ability opened her doors to Columbia University in New York. So he won a serious scholarship. However, this journey started quite colorful, could not proceed in the same color. Jack had a serious injury. The bickering between him and his coach was replaced by discoloration and his sports career was over. The scholarship was not renewed. He had to leave college.
The first step might seem to start college, but perhaps it wasn’t. Because it all started after I left school. After stepping into New York on September 20, 1939, Jack’s life was shaken by those shy states, and many things would change. After leaving school, he first stayed with his girlfriend, Edie Parker, who lived on the Upper West Side in New York. Jazz tunes were played in his ears. The war news came from Europe. It was precisely in this period that the Beat generation, which he was going to talk about when he started writing novels, began. He met Allen Ginsberg, William S. Burroughs and Neal Cassady, who formed the core team of this generation. Not only in his soul, but even in his body he could feel the tension arising from the difference between town and city life.
In 1942, he joined the Maritime Trade Fleet and a year later joined the Navy. This adventure actually started with dishwashing. However I did not stay here long. He was removed from the army on the grounds that he had a schizoid personality. Because Jack couldn’t bear the pressure of education and orders. In a crowded group, this was camping and more than that. Just as the war shook the world’s balance, so was Jack’s mood.
It was this scattered mood that actually brought him together with his friends to form the Beat Generation. They were living their youth who had to take a break with the war and could not live. They were talking about everything; freedom, war, and towards the end of the 1940s, the “American Dream şiddet was strongly criticized in all respects. The detachment from his roots had been quite moving. In 1944, he got himself into trouble. His friend Lucien Carr had committed a murder, and William S. Burroughs and Jack were involved. They were arrested and required bail to be released. Of course they didn’t have money. At this point Edie came to your aid. He married Edie while he was in prison to get his grandfather’s legacy. So he got out of jail. So the foundations of the Beat Generation were laid. With the return of his melancholic spirit, Jack was constantly looking for something inside and on the road. The formation of the Beat Generation began with everyone involved hitchhiking around the country, listening to jazz, and most importantly, not interfering with someone else’s life. They tried to develop a system of thought that defended freedom within themselves. They stood up to all kinds of pressure. Of course, none of them had a job in progress. They pursued spiritual enlightenment through zen. They mostly thought and talked about the meaning of life. They were also interested in philosophy. They wrote poems and novels.
Jack set his own rules, especially on his pen. He always wanted to establish close friendships, he loved being on the road. The Jack and the Beat Generation endeavored to explain the rudeness of existence and traditions, they were the pioneers of cultural and sexual revolution in the United States. Jack was always on this axis on the lifeline. Joyce Johnson, who met her in 1957 and testified about her life, described Jack Kerouac’s journey of her life as the most characteristic feature of Jack Kerouac’s biy Lonely Life of Jack Kerouac birkaç in several chapters. The first was, of course, Jack’s attempts to escape from his past. The second was his search for writing, and the third was his endless journey in America. Wasn’t Jack Kerouac such a man who appeared in almost all of his novels?
Perhaps this wandering part did not wear him out, but he also added insomnia, alcohol and drugs to his loneliness. This would confront him somewhere.
Yet he was in pursuit of something real in all the artificial pleasure. It was – in a letter Johnson wrote to Elbert Lenrow: Johnson Instead of encircling him with a second-hand synthetic family, a man should start his own family… ”
He was a man who could not find his tongue or direction. At least in his novels he always wrote, avoiding biographical narrative. Jack accepted his eternal disappearance and overcome it. The healthiest source known about Jack Kerouac, Johnson’s book, said so.
In fact, Jack was declared Kr King of the Beatles ken, perhaps conveying his sincere search for himself from birth to death. He talked about the rigorous education he received as a child, the things he lost, the lack of a living space he felt belonged to, all his troubles. Hitchhiking from one end to the other, seeing every inch of it; but America, which he still does not belong to, was perhaps the epitome of Jack’s life…
Jack Kerouac published his first book, Town The Town and the City ’in 1950 under the signature of John Kerouac. In fact, his criticisms were very positive, but he still did not sell much. However, in 1951, da On the Road di made such a sound that it was enough to make him famous. He wrote in 1951, yes; but published in 1957 by the Viking Press. He had such a natural and natural expression that… Jack’s unpublished writing style and the energy reflected on it attracted the attention of well-known writers. Their first reaction was astonishment.
Jack was talking about what happened to him and his circle of friends when he traveled all over America very naturally. So yes, this novel was largely autobiographical. According to sources, Jack wrote the novel in only three weeks. It was also said that his typewriter had never left his head for days, or even put a roll of paper on the typewriter to keep his pace of change.
Of course, this fast life took him early. He drank so much alcohol that he was 47 when he suffered an internal bleeding due to cirrhosis. On October 21, 1969, He passed away in St. Anthony’s Hospital, Florida.
Jack lived with his third wife, Stella, and his mother, Gabrielle. Much of her legacy was left to her mother. When Gabrielle died in 1973, Stella inherited the rights of her work in accordance with her will. This has been the case for many years. But when other family members filed a lawsuit with the Florida Court in 2009, they found that this will was a fake.