The Myanmar army took over the administration of the country with a coup, claiming that “fraud was done” in the elections held on November 8 and won by Aung Suu Kyi’s party NLD. It is quite difficult to say that in the country, which was a former British colony, a democratic political system, free from the influence of the military, operated even in periods of no coup.
Myanmar, an Asian country with a population of 53 million, was shaken by the military coup this morning. On the TV channel of the armed forces, it was announced that power was transferred to Min Aung Hlaing, who was in charge of the military, and a state of emergency was declared to last for a year. It was noted that Aung Suu Kyi and other political leaders were detained.
The coup occurred 1 day after the military’s statement, which was interpreted as “soothing”, on allegations of seizing power. In the statement of the Myanmar army, also known as Tatmadaw, it was stated that “the constitution will be abided by” and “the law will be acted”, and foreign media organizations were accused and “Some media organizations wrote that the army will abolish the constitution on the assumption they want.” So how did the coup stage come to be in Myanmar?
The political system of Myanmar, which was under British colonization from 1919 to 1937, depending on India, does not have a democratic functioning free from the influence of the military, except during the coup processes.
Tatmadaw, who prepared the constitution and put it into effect in 2008, threw out 1 in 4 of the members of the parliament without elections in order to prevent the change of the constitution by the politicians. However, some key state-run ministries are also under military control, and top actors in the military are clearly exerting directive pressure on elected governments.
The armed forces directly support the Party for Solidarity and Development for Unity (USDP). The USDP, which includes former army generals and soldiers of various ranks, is known as the party of soldiers.
Military coup and myanmar this morning?
Directed by a bicameral parliamentary system, Myanmar’s Senate consists of 224 members and the House of Representatives 440 members.
In the last elections held on 8 November, the NLD (National Democracy Party) led by President of the State Council and Foreign Minister Aung San Suu Kyi (National Democracy Party) won 346 seats in the 642-seat national assembly, thus reaching the majority to form a government. The army party, the USDP, occupied the main opposition position with 25 seats.
The military did not accept full control of Suu Kyi’s party in the legislature and claimed the elections were rigged. It also pressured the government to convene parliament at a later date.
It was expected to open today in the shadow of these discussions of the Myanmar parliament. Myo Nyunt, Spokesperson of Suu Kyi’s party NLD due to the coup rumors, told the public not to react hastily and to act in accordance with the law, and said that he was also awaiting arrest.
However, despite the military’s statement that was interpreted as “soothing” and accusing the media, the coup in Myanmar, whose footsteps have been heard for a while, took place today. In the statement made by the military after the coup, it was stated that the military intervention was organized on the allegations of “fraud” in the 8 November 2020 elections.
WHO IS AUNG SAN SUU KYI?
Aung Suu Kyi, one of the important figures of politics in Myanmar and the main target of the coup, was born in Yangon, Myanmar in 1945. His father was Aung San, who played a crucial role in the independence of Myanmar, formerly Burma, from Britain, and was assassinated in 1947. Aung San was also the founder of the modern Myanmar army.
With his mother Khin Kyi’s appointment as the ambassador to India in 1960, Suu Kyi, who spent his first youth in this country and completed his education at Oxford University, was recognized as a “democracy and human rights activist” who harshly criticized the military authority that ruled Myanmar for many years.
Suu Kyi returned to her hometown Yangon from England when her mother fell ill. In a country dominated by political turmoil, Suu Kyi, who founded the National Democracy Union in 1988, became a pioneering figure for young people, students and monks who took to the streets demanding democratic reform.
NOBEL PEACE AWARDED BUT WAS HIGHLY CRITICAL;
Suu Kyi, who was entitled to become the prime minister of Myanmar according to the results of the 1990 general elections, but could not take this post because he was detained by the military administration.
Receive the Nobel Peace Prize while under house arrest in 1991 Suu Kyi was detained for nearly 15 years between 1989 and 2010 for various reasons. Suu Kyi lost his wife, Michael Aris, whom he married in 1971, in 1991 due to cancer.
Although he is known as a Nobel Prize-winning human rights defender, Suu Kyi has also received intense criticism for choosing to remain silent about ethnic issues in his country. Suu Kyi greatly disappointed many of his supporters by not talking about the ethnic violence that broke out in mid-2012.
Suu Kyi’s repeated denial of accusations of “ethnic cleansing” against Rohingyas (Arakan Muslims), harassment and rape against the military also played an important role in increasing the dose of criticism against him. It was announced that Suu Kyi would not be withdrawn from the Nobel Prize, because some of his awards were taken away due to this attitude.
Suu Kyi, who is 75 years old today, was detained for allegations of “election fraud” in the military coup. It is not yet clear when the de facto leader of Myanmar, deprived of its freedom once again, will go out.
The historical name of the country is Burma, which comes from the Burmese that make up more than half of the country’s population. The military regime established in 1989 in the country changed the name of the country from Burma to Myanmar, which comes from another variation of the name of the Burmese in order to erase the traces of the colonial period of the country, and this name is still used officially today. While this new name was immediately adopted by countries such as China, which supported the regime in the country, although Western countries rejected this name and used the old name Burma for a long time, this attitude softened after the democratization movements in the country. The old name of the country, Burma, is used in Turkish and the current name is Burma, which comes from the French Birmanie.
There is a developed Buddha civilization in Myanmar. Traces of this civilization can be seen in Pagan, an abandoned city. 9-13 in the city. There are thousands of Buddha temples built between the centuries. 11-19. In the centuries there were bitter wars between Burmese princes. In 1820, when the great Myanmar general Maha Bandula captured the Indian states of Imphal (Manipur) and Assam and headed for Bengal, the British who ruled India at that time declared war on Myanmar. Maha Bandula was repulsed, and the Myanmars not only gave up their wishes on Assam and the Imphal, but also left the Arakan and Tenasserim regions of Lower Burma to the British. In 1826-82, the British gradually seized Lower Myanmar. After the war with King Thibavv in 1886, Upper Burma, whose capital was Mandalay, also came under British control. Myanmar from 1919 to 1937,