Thyme is an herb that does not end with counting benefits, but has a little background due to its taste and aroma sharpness. Thyme, which belongs to the family of honeybee, has a height of 4-5 cm and has many benefits. It is used quite frequently in herbal treatments. It is generally used by drying in the sun. There are some substances in thyme’s chemical content. These; thymol and carvacrol, which also give the thyme its unique smell, as well as 1% essential oil containing simol, linalol and borneol substances; bitter essences include tannins, flavonite and tripenoid. When it comes to thyme, it’s actually known to have a wide variety of varieties. It is expressed as the general name of the genus Thymus, Origanum, Satureja, Thymbra, Coridothymus.
Thyme is a plant used by Egyptians in history. When it comes to the Egyptian country, it is known that they use thyme in the first mummification processes that come to mind. Hippocrates has kept thyme in his life on a wide range of health issues. For example, he used it for asthma, shortness of breath, poisoning, and also used in treatments for women with miscarriage and stillbirth. He emphasized that it can be treated in the sore throat by mixing it with mustard and rubbing it from the outside of the throat. 5000 years ago, the Sumerians also used thyme for treatment, and it was defined as ‘Hasü’ in Boğazköy texts known as the capital of the Hittite Civilization.
Thyme, which has many features, deserves to be indispensable for our kitchens with the benefits it provides to the body. In addition to using thyme as a spice, it has various uses as thyme tea, as thyme juice with special production techniques, as well as thyme oil obtained by distilling the aromatic and volatile component oils contained in it.
It is possible to talk about the many benefits of thyme. It is widely used in respiratory-related diseases such as thyme, cough, and bronchitis. Thyme juice and thyme oil help to treat diseases such as fungi when applied externally to the skin surface. Rinsing the mouth regularly with thyme juice reduces the number of bacteria in the mouth, preventing tooth and gum diseases. Rich in vitamins with antioxidant effects, thyme juice increases the body’s resistance to various diseases by enabling toxins to be expelled from the body faster. The compound called “Thymol” in thyme is known to have anti-aging properties. This component improves the functions of organs by helping cell regeneration. It is recommended to prevent constipation, which aggravates pain in hemorrhoids patients. It is used in the treatment of digestive problems such as gas and bloating with its high fiber content.
Reducing contractions, thyme can be used to relieve pain experienced during menstrual periods. Thyme juice comes for stubborn itching caused by insect bites, eczema and other causes. Thyme juice, which has antiseptic and antimicrobial properties, is used in the treatment of acne and acne. It provides the glands to work regularly. It has a diuretic feature. Helps reduce intestinal worms. It removes the anemia seen in children. It has a feature to increase sexual desire. It reduces the amount of sugar in the blood. It is widely used due to its bad odor removal feature. It helps in losing weight.
The most noteworthy condition among all its benefits is that no side effects are seen when the mode of use is performed at normal doses and without exaggeration. It is recommended that pregnant women, as well as those with goiter, do not use thyroid gland to overuse the thyroid glands, as it triggers the contraction of the uterine muscles during overuse and may pose a low danger.
The economic life of the thyme, a perennial plant, is 7 years. However, products can be taken up to 10 years under good maintenance conditions. It has many uses, especially in the spice, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and chemical sectors. Thyme is resistant to drought and cold. In areas where there is open air in the north, where there is air flow and where the temperature does not rise excessively during the flowering period, the yield and essential oil quality will be high. It is not very selective in terms of soil demands. Sandy-loamy, water-repellent and lightly inclined soils are suitable for thyme growing.
The thyme plant can be propagated with both seeds and steel. However, reproduction with seeds is more practical. Seeds are sown in specially prepared pillows in the late autumn period and converted into these. Before the seedlings are transferred to the land, a deep version should be made, then the soil surface should be leveled with a harrow or crowbar-rake combination. Planting seedlings are carried out in the spring after the risk of frost has disappeared. Seedlings are surprised by the planting machine and after the planting, life water must be given. Planting distance of 45 * 20 cm is suitable in thyme growing.
Thyme grows in barren conditions and is generally taken once a year. Since the plant development is slow in the first year, hoeing should be done several times in order to combat weeds and fill the root of the plant. In the following years, it should be hovered at least twice to combat weeds, to air the soil and to reduce evaporation and water loss from the soil. Before the thyme fields are established, up to 5 tons of farm fertilizer can be given in order to improve the structure of the soil. Generally, it is sufficient to give 7-8 kg nitrogen (N) and 4-5 kg phosphorus (P) per decare during the yield period. Potassium element is very important for essential oil quality. Therefore, fertilization should be done according to the soil analysis results containing macro and micro nutrients in order to make a correct plant nutrition.
The thyme plant is harvested between the beginning of flowering and the full flowering period. Harvesting of the plant is done by saw blade 10 cm above ground level or other harvesting machines developed in this regard. Care should be taken not to mix weeds during the harvest. Harvested plants should be dried in a shaded environment under natural conditions. Color change and loss of essential oil occur in sun-dried plants. This reduces the market value of the thyme plant. Plant height should not exceed 20 cm and should be turned upside down at certain intervals to prevent heat. In general, the rate of obtaining dry material from wet plants is 1 unit to 4-5 units. In dried plants, the stems should be separated from the leaves by different methods. The material obtained should be sacked and stored in a cool and moisture free environment without light. In barren conditions; Although the climate and soil conditions vary depending on altitude and direction, the yield is generally between 120-250 kg / decare.
There is no significant disease and pest in the thyme to prevent production. However, soil-borne fungal diseases, which cause root rot, can be found in the soil with high ground water, water and impermeable soils because the plant root zone is not well ventilated. Thyme herb is used for spices and medicinal purposes. Therefore, no plant protection product should be used other than those used in organic agriculture.
Among the many recipes that can be made with thyme, there is also a salad with fresh thyme. This crushed salad, made with fresh thyme pickled in olive oil, has a place to heal the eaters. Blended with garlic, olive oil, vegetables, tomato paste and spices, this crushed salad will be the favorite of both you and your guests. Ingredients you need: 1 tablespoon fresh thyme, 1/3 bunch parsley, 2 green peppers, 1 red pepper, 1 tomato, 1 clove garlic, 1 tablespoon tomato paste, 2 tablespoons olive oil, 3 tablespoons pomegranate molasses , 1 Teaspoon Nigella, 1 Teaspoon Powder Cumin, Enough Salt. Finely chop the parsley, peppers, tomatoes and garlic. Put the ingredients you chop into a large bowl. Divide the fresh thyme into several pieces and mix with spices, olive oil and tomato paste. Bon Appetit!