Farabi (870-950) is a scholar who wrote works in mathematics, botany, medicine, music, philosophy and logic. Farabi born in Farab, Turkistan, in 850. His real name is “Abu Nasir Muhammad Ibn Turkan al Farabi”. His origin is Turkish. He is known in the world of Western philosophy as Alfarabius. He received his first education in Farab. With the advice of his father, he went to Baghdad to learn science. He took philosophy courses from the Christian philosopher Abu Bishr Metta bin Yunus at Baghdad. By the way; He has learned Arabic, Persian, Greek and Latin well and has read Aristotle and Plato many times while learning science.
Farabi learned grammar, science and logic and later devoted himself entirely to philosophy. Farabi went to Aleppo in 941. At Aleppo, he stayed with Seyfüddevle Ali, one of the rules of Hamdanogullari. He spent his time writing his philosophical thoughts and learnings.
Farabi divided the sciences into three categories as metaphysics, mathematics and physical sciences. This method of categoriesing sciences was adopted by European scientists. He made the first logical explanation of “sound”. He invented the instrument called the qanun. He made experiments and discovered that the vibrations in the air decreased and multiplied according to the wavelengths.
Farabi, who written books on various drugs, has also worked in the field of medicine. In one of his books he describes how a strong personality, a healthy body, a healthy mind, a healthy, strong spirit and a solid morality should be like. In his studies in the field of medicine, he determined what should be done to have a healthy body and determined seven principles for medical science in this direction.
Farabi’s works were greatly important in the re-understanding of Aristotle’s thoughts
Farabi has written books on logic, mathematics, philosophy, medicine and music. It is known to have more than 10 books. Farabi is estimated to have died in Damascus on 14 December 950 or 12 January 951.
“Don’t cry when a good person dies. Cry to the society that lost him.”