This is Marie Curie who succeed greatly at many scientific achievements and having a very interesting life story as much as her accomplishments. It seems that her researches on radioactivity at the end of the 19th century will be carried on in the future. I hope that this article which I am preparing right now becomes a helpful guide for people who wants to be knowledgeable with dear valued scientist Marie Curie.
Maria Salomea Sklodowska, considered as among of the most known Polish scientist, is known to be the first woman winning a Nobel Prize and was the only person to win it in two scientific fields. Besides her prizes, her scientific studies on chemistry and physics fields provided Marie to make an indelible impression. In spite of doing researches on such a hazardous field like radioactivity, she has never made a pause but kept serving for science.
In November 1867 Marie first saw the light of day in the dorm where her mother Bronislawa Sklodowski was held responsible as a dorm manager. Her father Wladyslaw Sklodowski was working as a maths and physics teacher in the Highschool of Warsaw as well.
She had three sisters Sofia, Hela, and Bronya. The whole family was staying in the dorm where her mother worked as a manager. In the year 1876, Marie lost her sister Sofia, just two years later her mother succumbed to tuberculosis. Marie completed her secondary education, graduating first in her class. However, she couldn’t pursue an academical education in Poland because the University of Warsaw didn’t accept women. Marie and her sister Bronya worked for saving money to have education in abroad. As soon as Bronya was graduated from medical school she helped Marie financially on her educational costs.
She achieved her dream of taking place among Polish scientists. Marie’s other goal was holding her lecturer diploma when she turned back to Warsaw.
In 1894 science provided Pierre and Marie to come together and their relationship resulted with marriage. Marie kept working hard until her daughter Irene came into the world in 1897. To care her baby she had to give a break on her studies. In 1898 Marie focused her attention on searchings again with her husband’s support. In the same year, they declared that they discovered a radioactive element by disintegrating uranium. They named the new element Polonium after Marie’s native country, Poland.
She put her stamp on history for being the first female who has the honorary Ph.D. on the field of science at Paris University, 1904. Meanwhile, she became the first woman to win Nobel Prize along with her husband and Henri Becquerel for their major contributions on radioactivity. In 1904 Marie and Pierre welcomed their second daughter, Eve. When Curies realized that they were becoming ill because of radiation, Marie was working as a physics teacher in a women’s college. On April 1906, Pierre Curie had a tragic accident and he passed away.
Marie maintained Pierre’s assignments at the University of Sorbonne where she became the first female professor. After Curie was deemed worthy of Nobel Prize due to her discovery of Polonium and Radium, unfortunately, she was exposed to many offensives.
Distresses based on Marie’s private life get her into depression. In the year 1914 right after Radium Institution was founded in Paris University, she inaugurated as a manager there. During the first world war, she invented the removable x-ray machine and she started to teaching the X-beam technology to other women with her daughter Irene. When Marie died from blood cancer it came out that she was affected by being exposed to radiation overdose. This is why she is called “woman who died for science”.
Even though, at first she has been buried in a family cemetery in Sceaux later her corpse was moved to national mausoleum Pantheon where her husband has been buried.
She is known for being the first woman who is honored due to her valuable studies, in her country. Marie’s notebooks which were used when she was alive are saved in special leaded boxes because that they have been exposed to high radiation.
Under favor of Marie and Pierre took Becquerel’s studies and researches forward, they achieved decontaminating tons of uranium to demonstrate the existence of another element. A trace of bismuth came to exist through the filtering prosses that took 2 years. However, they considered that there should have been another element. In 1898 Curies declared that Polonium which they named after Marie’s country, was discovered. But there still was a problem, the pulp left from polonium was stronger which means Curies still had a lot to do.
The prosses of filtering and decontamination which took years has resulted in success in the end. Meanwhile, they found out radium element which has a high radium efficiency.
Even though the industrialists desired buying Curie’s inventions insistently right after the couple discovered Radium, they have never sold them. And consequently, Marie, Pierre, and Becquerel were granted Nobel Prize. During the first world war, Marie Curie supplied mobile roentgenography units to help surgeons. Those units used to be known as Petites Curies by the public.
She made many endeavorings real, but the French government didn’t take any notice of her works at first because of the reasons based on gender inequality. However, she achieved making an indelible impression for her inventions and success. She was becoming acknowledged in abroad which provided her becoming famous in France later. By this way, Marie Curie has the ability to become one of the most influential figures in the history of science, not only in her own term but even nowadays.